Git is a distributed version control (VCS) and source code management (SCM) system.

Git is an open-source DVCS (Distributed Version Control System) with an emphasis on speed. Git was initially designed and developed by Linus Torvalds for Linux kernel development. Every Git working directory contains a full-fledged repository with complete history and full revision tracking capabilities, not dependent on network access or a central server.

Git has found considerable popularity among EE developers, and there are a number of EE specific resources relating to Git:

General introductions to Git

Using Git with ExpressionEngine